When teeth are lost or extracted, tooth sockets start filling in with bone while the gum tissues are healed and change shape. This is generally a long process and the gums may take several months to accomplish stability in shape. Once this period is over, conventional full dentures are prepared, usually following three months of tooth loss or tooth extraction.
The first step in the process is taking impressions of the tissues that will help in supporting the denture. The dental lab will then use these impressions for making models. Based on the dentist’s instructions, the dental technician will begin preparing dentures based on the models, which will be transferred to the mouth of the patient at every step so that proper fit can be ensured.
The technician and dentist will also make sure that a proper bite is established and the patient gets desirable denture appearance. For at least a month, the patient will be asked to see the dentist once every week or until the denture is completely prepared. During the first 4 weeks, the patient will be asked to make occasional visits to the dental office to make any necessary denture adjustments. In most cases, a temporary denture is immediately made and used to help the patient wear something right after the teeth are extracted.
Such dentures are prepared before tooth extraction and are placed the same day the dentist removes the teeth. In some cases, the back teeth are extracted before taking out the front teeth, which are removed when the dentures are delivered. However, it is important to note that temporary dentures aren’t a substitute to actual dentures as their fit isn’t as accurate as conventional dentures. These dentures only serve the purpose of avoiding discomfort while the gums and bones are healing before conventional dentures can be placed.
When opting for dentures, patients are given two options to choose from. Depending on the patient’s needs and dentist’s advice, the patient will be suggested to either get complete dentures or partial dentures.
These dentures are composed of a colored plastic base that replicates gum tissue and gives supports to a complete set of porcelain or plastic teeth. Usually, these dentures are held in the patient’s mouth by ensuring the formation of a seal between the gums and the dentures. Moreover, dental implants can also be used for keeping the dentures in place.
These dentures usually have a plastic base or some form of metal framework that helps in supporting the number of teeth requiring replacement. These dentures are held in place with the help of clasps along with rests that are cautiously fitted around the patient’s natural teeth.
Partial dentures using metal frameworks have the conventional design because of the metal’s rigidity as well as strength. On the other hand, plastic dentures are typically used as temporary replacements of lost teeth, while giving the gums time to heal before an ultimate restorative dental solution is achieved.